The Bardia National Park is one of Nepal’s finest tiger reserve and is best known as the home of Nepal tigers, but this beautiful park is also a black buck sanctuary as well as mixture of contrasting geographical zones comprising parts of Nepal’s southwestern plains, churia hill and inner valleys with tropical dry and deciduous forests which are dominated by hardwood sal, grassland, and riverine forests featuring gigantic simal trees.
The park and its adjacent areas are famous regions to provide excellent wilderness experiences for visitors/wildlife researcher as well as important attractions indigenous culture of the buffer zone are. The park supports a variety of vegetations which makes it the ideal habitat not only for the tiger but other predators and ungulates too. It also consists of numerous ecosystems, equally rich in flora and fauna.
The topography of the park is quite diverse with floodplains, river valleys and gorges, and the Churia hills. The park’s northern boundary is the crest of the churia range, which is well above 1219 m. The highest elevation is 1441 m at Sukramala and the lowest elevation is 152 m. ( Manau Ghat ) in the south.
The Karnali and Babai rivers are perennial river systems that flow through the park. The eastern branch of the Karnali forms the western boundary of the park whereas Babai river drains the park in the northeastern sector. Orai River and Gumnaha Nala and Ambassa Khola drain the park area between Karnali and Babai rivers. Maan Khola, Karolia Nala, and many other seasonal nasals drain the southern face of the Churia between Babai and eastern border of the park.
Its attractions are not only its varied animals and birdlife but also its immense natural beauty. In terms of variety and wildlife, the park is one of the best national parks in Nepal and the world.
The park is home to many rare and endangered species including more than 30 different mammals, over 400 species of birds, more than 25 species of reptiles, almost 121 species of fishes, many snakes, lizards, have been sighted and recorded in the park’s forest, grassland and river habitat and unknown diversity of mollusks and arthropods. Among these include, langur monkey, rhesus monkey, common leopard, jungle cat, fishing cat, large and small Indian civets, mongoose, hyena, wild dog, jackal, sloth bear, otter, monitor lizards, bandicoots, blue bull ( nilgai ), blackbuck, sambar deer, hog deer, barking deer, wild boar, porcupine, dolphin ( the extremely rare ) etc. Termite mounds can be the sight in the sal forests. The park is one of the best places to view the most magnificent of cats, the Bengal tiger. The chances are almost 80 % depending on the season.